Bungie Wiki

Bungie, Inc. is a Sony-video game developer and publisher based in Bellevue, Washington. The company was founded in May of 1991 in Chicago, Illinois, by Alex Seropian, who later brought in programmer and friend, Jason Jones.

The company is mostly known for its development of the Halo and Destiny series, as well as its charity work and mysterious lore. During the 1990s, Bungie was known as a Macintosh games developer, creating the Myth and Marathon series.

Previously, their studio was located in various suburbs of Seattle, Washington, including Redmond and Kirkland, and before that, San Jose, California and Chicago, Illinois.


Seropian and Jones

From left, Alex Seropian and Jason Jones, the founders of video game maker Bungie.

The Beginning[]

In 1990, Seropian self-published a Pong clone called GNOP! (Pong spelled backwards) for the Macintosh. The game was released for free, but Seropian sold the source code for $15.[1] In May 1991, Seropian officially founded Bungie Software Products Corporation to publish his next game, Operation: Desert Storm, which he packaged himself with financial assistance from family and friends.[1]

At the University of Chicago, Seropian met Jason Jones in an artificial intelligence class,[1] joining forces to publish Jones' game, Minotaur: The Labyrinths of Crete. Seropian handled the design and publicity of the game while Jones finished the coding, with help from Jones' friend, Colin Brent, designing graphics.[2] When the game was complete, they assembled Minotaur boxes by hand in Seropian's apartment.[1]

Due to Minotaur's success, the duo wanted to release a sequel in 3D. Discovering that Minotaur's top-down perspective didn't translate well, they developed a new storyline for the first-person shooter genre that became Pathways Into Darkness, which was released in 1993. Winning awards including Inside Mac Games' "Adventure Game of the Year" and Macworld's "Best Role-Playing Game,"[3] Pathways was Bungie's first commercial success, resulting in the company moving from a one-bedroom apartment to an office studio and hiring Bungie's first full-time employee, Doug Zartman in May 1994.[4]

The Marathon Era[]

Wanting to capitalize on Pathways' success, Bungie's next project began as a sequel to the game, but evolved into a new FPS game set in the future called Marathon.[5] The game would introduce elements that would become recurring themes in the Bungie experience – networked play, full 3D movement, state of the art graphics, and advanced, disembodied AI characters that aided the player.

On January 5, 1994, Bungie first demonstrated "Marathon" (later dubbed "Marathon Zero") at the MacWorld show in San Francisco, California. While it was faster and more elegant than Pathways, it didn't make much of an impact.[6] Bungie decided to overhaul the game, rewriting its rendering engine and creating a new plotline.[6] At the second MacWorld show on August 1, Bungie demonstrated the greatly revamped Marathon game. On December 14, the game was complete, and Jones and a few other employees spent a day at a warehouse assembling boxes so that some of the orders could be filled before Christmas.[4] On December 21, Bungie released the game to critical and commercial success, establishing the studio as a leading game developer for the Macintosh for bringing attention from press outside the Mac gaming market.[4]

Bungie realized that a sequel was necessary, both because of the many additional features and enhancements the programmers had in mind, and because of overwhelming public demand. The team announced there would be a sequel to Marathon on July 19, 1995, entitled Marathon 2: Durandal. The sequel was released on November 24, and, far from being a cheap rehash of the Marathon story, distinguished itself by being a new game in its own right. Bungie soon announced that a port of the game would be released on Windows 95. This angered many Mac players, who felt betrayed that a Macintosh developer would work with Microsoft, resulting in Bungie receiving a flood of negative mail.[4] With Marathon 2 released, Bungie gained nearly 500% sales growth, and hired more artists, programmers, tech support, and marketing staff. This growth allowed them to release Marathon Infinity on October 15, 1996, which included more levels and a much larger plot than the previous two.

1997 - Bungie Publishing[]

In 1996, Bungie was contacted by video game company Crack dot Com to help them publish their new game, Abuse, on the Mac. The game was ported by Crack dot Com's Oliver Yu and published by Bungie on March 5, 1997. Also during that year, video game company Pangea Software contacted Bungie to publish their newest game, Weekend Warrior.

Myth, Bungie West, and Oni[]

Wanting to move away from first-person shooters, Bungie announced on December 6, 1996, seven weeks after Marathon Infinity's released, that they will be creating a new real-time tactical game in 1997, Myth: The Fallen Lords, for Mac and Windows. Bungie realized that thousands of players would pick up the game and test their mettle in online battles without reading the manual or dealing with complex network settings, so on October 14, 1997, Bungie announced it would configure a free Internet game server, called Bungie.net, to include every feature one could wish for to deliver one-click multiplayer gaming as quickly and easily as using a web browser. On November 5, 1997, Myth: The Fallen Lords was released.

The success of Myth enabled Bungie to change Chicago offices again and establish a satellite studio in San Jose, California, called Bungie West. The satellite studio operated from 1997 to 2001 and released a single game, Oni, on Mac, Widows, and PlayStation 2, in 2001.

At E3 on May 23, 1998, Bungie announced two new games in development: Myth II: Soulblighter (Bungie East) and Oni (Bungie West). On November 30, 1998, Myth II: Soulblighter was released with an improved graphics engine, new multiplayer maps and units, and a brand new story. Both games won several awards and spawned a large and active online community,[7] launching online forums on Bungie's website for the first time. However, due to a bug that caused the game to wipe all of the contents of the directory it was installed on instead of just the game, Bungie recalled the 200,000 copies and replaced the defective CDs with new ones, costing the company $800,000.[4]

As a result, in 1999, Peter Tamte, Bungie's then-executive vice president, was brought in to generate cash.[8] Bungie re-released some back-catalog products in collections (such as the Bungie Action Sack), while Take-Two Interactive took a 19.9% equity stake in Bungie and secured exclusive North American distribution rights to four Bungie titles, including Halo, Oni, and two undisclosed projects. In addition, Take-Two's Rockstar Games obtained rights to publish video game versions of these games.[9]

The Halo Era Under Microsoft[]

Halo: Combat Evolved[]

During Myth II's development, Marcus Lehto had joined the team and was immediately working on a small "side project" with Jones, codenamed Blam.[8] At the time, Jones wanted a real-time strategy or real-time tactics game, in the spirit of Myth but sci-fi. They wanted to one-up all the other sci-fi RTS games, having vehicles that moved like vehicles and terrain that really mattered.

On February 15, 1999, marathon.bungie.org started receiving letters from a mysterious entity from "cortana @ bungie.com." These seven letters, dubbed the "Cortana letters," continued until July. An eighth letter was eventually found in the 1.3 version of Myth: The Fallen Lords.

Later that year, Peter Tampte, a former Apple employee who had just joined Bungie, called his old boss, Apple's then-interim-CEO Steve Jobs, and asked him to introduce Bungie's new game to the world.[8] Before the meeting, Jones and Joseph Staten met with Jobs about the game. Jobs didn't seem to be that impressed because Pixar could create dozens of suns, and Jones' immediately reply was that their game could render them in real time. Jobs told them that they were in, and on July 21, 1999, Halo was unveiled to the public during Macworld Conference & Expo's keynote address[10] by Jobs,[11] with Jason Jones and Staten explaining the tech and the story. At the time, the game was intended to be a third-person shooter for the Mac and Windows. Bungie later stated an even earlier development build of the game centered on real-time strategy and was "basically Myth in a sci-fi universe."[12]

At E3 2000, Bungie showed off a demo trailer of the game, using in-game graphics mixed with Marty O'Donnell's iconic musical score. The game didn't have any sounds in it yet, which was why the score was put on top of the action. O'Donnell said he and his team at Total Audio, including Michael Salvatori, had one weekend to create the score, and that his only direction came from Staten who told him that it should give a sense of ancient, epic, and mysterious.[8] The game was still in third-person, but the graphics had changed considerably[13] between the two demos, and a basic story appeared for why the aliens were fighting the humans.

Due to continued financial difficulties as a result of Myth II's launch, Tampte contacted Ed Fries, head of Microsoft Game Studios, about a possible acquisition. Fries only had two years to put together Xbox's launch portfolio, so he contacted Take-Two and negotiated an agreement with them to gain the rights to the Myth series and Oni, while Microsoft acquired Bungie, the rights to Halo, and Bungie's other games.[8] With the consent of the entire company, on June 19, 2000, Microsoft announced its acquisition of Bungie,[9] with Halo becoming a launch title for the Xbox.

The company moved to Microsoft's Millennium Campus in Redmond, Washington, and, over the next year, they overhauled the entire game. The game changed from third-person to first-person, the story was rewritten, graphics were updated and changed, and the game had to feel good using Xbox's gamepad controller. At the time, FPS games on consoles were rare because of controller inaccuracy. To solve this, Jaime Griesemer wrote code to discern player intent and assist the player's movement and aiming without being obvious. Player inputs showed the desired player movement rather than the movement players were actually making.[8]

As for the name of the game, a branding company was hired to come in and help create one. They came up with hundreds of names and it was decided that the name of the game would be "Covenant."[8] Paul Russel, an artist, didn't like the name because it "sounded like a bad '80s Hair Band" and came up with five or six alternatives, one of which was "Halo." No one liked the name at first because it was too religious and too on the nose because of the ring world setting, but Russel wrote it on a whiteboard wall. Jones was leaning toward "Red-Shift" but decided that "Halo" would be the name.[8] As a compromise to Microsoft, Bungie said that they could add a subtitle, so "Combat Evolved" was added to explain the futuristic setting and shooting the game featured.

Seropian said that Bungie had to incorporate new features to the game to take advantage of the Xbox, such as surround sound and cinematics. As a result, many features were cut from the game to make the release date, such as open-world maps, a lengthy campaign, and online multiplayer. To save time, Marcus Lehto suggested that they reuse campaign levels, adding directional arrows to them so players wouldn't get lost.[8] Four months before release, it was decided that the multiplayer still wasn't fun, so it was scrapped and rebuilt by those from the Bungie West Oni team who had moved to Washington.[8][14] The team was promised that, after launch, they could begin working on new Bungie project, codenamed Monster Hunter.

Seropian also said that the last 10% of the game felt like "impending doom of the 'tijuana mama game,'[15] meaning that it finished up incredibly hot before release date. Staten finished all 33 cutscenes on September 9, 2001, and O'Donnell and Jay Weinland only had three days to add music and sound, respectively.[8] On September 11, after the World Trade Center attacks had occurred, most employees still went into the office because of deadlines, including Weinland, but O'Donnell sent them home.[8]

On November 15, 2001, Halo: Combat Evolved was released worldwide. Reviewers praised the game, calling it "the most important launch game for any console, ever,"[16] and "it's easily one of the best shooters ever, on any platform."[17] The game received numerous Game of the Year rewards, including those of the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences, Electronic Gaming Monthly, Edge, and IGN.

A PC/Mac version of the game was released by Gearbox Software on September 30, 2003, to fulfill Bungie's promise from Macworld 1999.

Halo 2, Projects Cancelled, and Seropian Leaves[]

Almost everyone at the studio took at least a month-long break after Halo's launch, but some immediately moved over to the Phoenix team. Returning from break, there were no plans to create a Halo sequel, but everyone wanted to do so due to the amount of content they had to cut.[18] Jason Jones spoke to Marty O'Donnell about it, saying that, while he didn't like creating sequels, he "owe[s] it to everyone here."[8]

Jones, however, wasn't a visionary leader; no one helped the team focus on an overall vision, so a lot of discussions at the beginning of development happened in little groups that didn't talk with each other. Jones did, however, push for their next Halo game to have a strong online side, along with several others on the team.[18] Jaime Griesemer recalled that the team "tripled everything," rebuilding the game engine, changing the physics engine to Havok, and prototyping a system for stencil shadow volumes. For the first year of development, no one could play the game.[8]

The multiplayer team wanted to scrap the arena-based multiplayer mode and split-screen in favor of something more PvPvE called "Warfare," squad-based online battles between human SPARTANs and Covenant Elites, with players being able to call in airstrikes.[19] Max Hoberman believed this to be a mistake, and argued to keep the traditional multiplayer side because it was what kept Halo 1 alive long after release. Seropian and Jones agreed with Hoberman, and put him in charge of that feature. The team working on Warfare called the regular multiplayer a "party game," but in the end, Warfare ended up being scrapped entirely, and the "party game" became Halo 2's main multiplayer component.[8]

On the campaign side, there wasn't a clear direction either. Joe Staten wanted to focus on the Covenant side, not just on Master Chief, and already had a protagonist in mind, Dervish, who would later become the Arbiter. Staten wasn't to do the unexpected in the sequel and give people a new view of the Halo universe. Jones was only focused on big-picture moments, such as Master Chief standing on a space station and looking down at a battle, and for Captain Keyes' daughter to be angry with the Master Chief and trying to kill him.

At E3 2002, a Halo 2 announcement trailer was shown off, and Xbox general manger J Allard confirmed that Halo 2 was planned for release in Holliday 2003.[20]

During this time, O'Donnell was speaking to Pete Parsons (then-Microsoft executive at Bungie) about a bonus check they had received for Halo, and how they'd love to "go pirate" one day and either convince Microsoft to give the team more, or somehow leave.[8]

Seropian, then-CEO, left the company at the end of 2002 after realizing that he wanted something new and that Bungie would be working on Halo 2 for a long time,[8] so he moved back to Chicago with his wife to start a family.[21][22] He formed a new studio in 2003, Wideload Games, using a modified version of Halo's engine to create a new game, Stubbs the Zombie.

With Seropian gone, the team had to figure out how to work together, since he was the one to solve problems for everyone. Jones decided to become Phoenix's creative director and project lead while also working on Halo 2. He eventually formed a Halo 2 leadership team: Griesemer, Lehto, Chris Butcher, and Michael Evans. [8] The engineering team decided to use a stencil lighting model to create dynamic lighting for the game.

In February 2003, Bungie began developing a gameplay demonstration for E3 2003. In May 2003 at E3, Bungie showed off their Halo 2 demo, which featured the new lighting system, new weapons, new enemies, big open spaces, and more. The demo received rave reviews, however, upon returning back to the studio, Bungie realized that they would have to scrap it and completely redesign the campaign. The new lighting and graphics systems had to be discarded because the Xbox couldn't handle it, vehicle hijacking was only scripted for the demo and not an actual feature, and the level couldn't be used at all due to how big it was. During the demo, an employee had to delete objects after a player walked by them just so the demo wouldn't crash. [18]

In early 2003, another game, codenamed Gypsum, was being developed by a small team. After E3, it was cancelled, along with Phoenix and Monster Hunter, and the teams were folded into the Halo 2 team.[8] Jones returned and met with Staten and Paul Bertone to figure out a new play for Halo 2 while the team continued working on the game. What came out of their meeting were new missions with encounter beat moments from space to space, and a list of narrative beat moments. The third act was cut out completely, and planned vehicles, such as a Mongoose, an all terrain vehicle, and variants of the Warthog were discarded.[19]

While this was happening, Ed Fries had a meeting with senior leadership at Microsoft to decide when Halo 2 should ship. The game was already scheduled to launch in November 2003, but Fries was asking them to push it back a year. A vote was cast, and the original date stayed in place, so Fries threatened to quit on the spot. A vote was recast and they gave Bungie an extra year to create the game,[8] but the game had to be out by Holiday 2004 before Microsoft's new console, the Xbox 360, launched in 2005.[18]

Crunch, when a team forces themselves to work extended hours beyond a normal working day, occurred for many, many months and took its toll on the team. Many slept at the office for several days in a row, many relationships ended, divorces happened, people's bodies hurt due to the amount of stress they were under, and Jones took a long sabbatical to figure out if he wanted to make games anymore.[8][18]

In January 2004, Bungie ran an internal Alpha multiplayer test to much success, using the network code they would use for the game.[18] At E3 2004, Joe Staten showed off some of the game's multiplayer, and allowed it to be played on the show floor. Peter Moore, then-Microsoft executive, also showed off a new tattoo at the event, etching Halo 2's release date on his arm.[23]

In July 2004, a Halo 2 cinematic trailer was shown in theaters, starting the "I Love Bees" viral marketing campaign.[24] On October 11, 2004, Halo 2 was announced as having gone gold, meaning that the game was complete and that it was being shipped off to be printed onto discs.[25] Two weeks before that, Jones and Griesemer had been rebalancing all of the weapons in the campaigns. The weapons were shared with multiplayer, so the changes broke the game until a patch could be shipped after launch.

Halo 2 was released on November 9, 2004, on Xbox. A PC port, Halo 2: Vista, was released by gaming studio Hired Gun on May 31, 2007.

Halo 3, Bungie Day, and Independence[]

A few months after Halo 2's release, the team decided that Halo 3 needed to get made. They wanted to right the wrongs of Halo 2 while also ending the story of Halo and the Master Chief, and then move on to something else. Jason Jones went on sabbatical, coming back toward the end of Halo 3's development. The team decided to print out a cardboard cut-out of him and put it in the corner, using it during meetings.[8]

At the beginning, there wasn't a project lead, and Jones nor Pete Parsons (then-Microsoft executive at Bungie) gave someone the title, so in-fighting began. Staten ended up taking a sabbatical himself after fighting with Lehto, while Bertone took a break six months into production. Eventually, Max Hoberman became the multiplayer lead until he moved (Tyson Green took over), Paul Bertone and Rob Stokes become the campaign design leads, Marcus Lehto became the art director, and Jaime Griesemer became the gameplay design lead.

While this was happening, talk continued (from Halo 2's development) among a small team of employees about re-negotiating with Microsoft about profit sharing for Halo 3 and giving them a bigger bonus, or they would leave. Things came to a head, and the team told Microsoft that they would complete Halo 3 if Microsoft gave the company back to them. Microsoft agreed, however, they wanted three more Halo games, which was originally going to be Halo 3, filmmaker Peter Jackson's now-cancelled Halo Chronicles, and Halo 4. The games that Bungie eventually created were Halo 3, Halo 3: ODST, and Halo: Reach.[8]

Around 2005, Microsoft moved Bungie from the Millennium campus and into two buildings in Kirkland, Washington.[26]

While Staten was on sabbatical, he began helping out Ensemble Studios with the story in their upcoming game, Halo Wars, so that the story they wanted to tell wouldn't interfere with Bungie's story. He also helped explain the Halo universe to the movie studio production team for the cancelled "Halo" movie. After their first meeting, Guillermo del Toro was set to be the director and Jackson the producer. That fell through, so Neill Blomkamp came onboard. Blomkamp had WETA Workshop (Jackson's production company) create a fully-drivable and full-size Warthog, weapons, and armor. The movie would eventually be cancelled, but Blomkamp used these items to create three Halo 3 short films.

During this time, Bungie didn't have a lead writer for Halo 3, so a story committee was formed to create an outline based off of Halo 2's cut third act, but characters from Halo 2 were missing, including Lord Hood and Miranda Keyes, and there were no surprises. Marty O'Donnell wrote some plot points after watching the movie, Serenity, to make the player feel that the Master Chief was at risk. His outline killed off Miranda Keyes and Sergeant Johnson, and 343 Guilty Spark (who killed Johnson), and that was incorporated into the story committee's outline.[8] When Staten returned, he worked with Stokes, to write up drafts and make the story as good as it could be.

As a result of Microsoft's new console launching in 2005, the Xbox 360, Halo 3 would launch only on that platform. The Xbox 360 took Halo 2's multiplayer features, such as matchmaking, having a friend list, sending messages, voice chat, and sending invites, and incorporated it into the system. This meant at Hoberman wouldn't be able to use any of those features in the game, so multiplayer would have to be rebuilt. He and his team spent a year getting feature parity with Halo 2 in the online feature set, mostly trying to figure out how to have party system in the game while the 360 was offering it separately on the console. Hoberman left Seattle in early 2006 and moved to Austin, Texas. Tyson Green took over as the multiplayer lead, while Homerman continued work on the online systems. He also starting working on DLC maps for Halo 2. Around Christmas 2006, he officially gave notice and started a new company, Certain Affinity, to continue working on DLC maps independently.[8]

While the story was being figured out during pre-production, Griesemer came up with five or six gameplay prototype improvements in the hopes that the team could incorporate a few into the game, which included the Scarab, equipment, and Flood that could change into different types. Because they all worked and people were invested in them, all of them were added.[8] Bertone also felt that the campaign needed something more competitive in it, so campaign scoring and medals were added. This was the foundation for what would become Halo 3: ODST's Firefight mode.[8]

On May 5, 2006, Frankie, Bungie's then-community manager, hinted that the team was working on a "big project."[27] The following week at at E3 2006 on May 9, Bungie announced Halo 3 with a real-time cinematic trailer telling players to "finish the fight" in 2007. In their blog post,[28] they called this "the third and final game in the Halo Trilogy" and "the best kept secret ever." They noted that everything in the trailer was being rendered in real-time on the Xbox 360, using the current version of their Halo 3 engine, and called out that the "HDR lighting, self-shadowing, GPU-run particle system and many other effects should make it intact (and more) to our final game," which didn't occur during Halo 2's development.

On May 8, 2006[29], then Bungie-president Harold Ryan and composer Marty O'Donnell formed a company together called Podophobia Entertainment, Inc.[30], to seemingly trademark "Destiny," a logo, with a description that read, "Computer game software; Computer game software downloadable from a global computer network; Video game software; Virtual reality game software." This was discovered in May 2011[31][32] after a disgruntled ex-employee at the time said that they were working on a game called "Destiny."[33]

Around this time, Jason Jones returned, and instead of working on Halo 3, ODST, or Reach, he, Griesemer, and a small team of engineers and artists began working on the game that was codenamed Tiger, which would eventually become Destiny.[8]

Bungie was more transparent about Halo 3's development than Halo 2's, revealing that the game was divided into single player and multiplayer builds, making debugging and testing quicker.[34] Multiplayer was previewed throughout 2006 and 2007,[35] and Bungie offered their first ever public beta test of the multiplayer from May 16-June 6[36], which included Saved Films and File Sharing four months before release. The first campaign screenshots appeared for the first time on July 6, 2007, [37] one day before Bungie announced their independence from Microsoft.

On July 7, 2007, Bungie completed their work with Microsoft to become an independent game studio again,[38] but couldn't announce it until October 5. Instead, Bungie created a blog post on their website entitled, "Love, Bungie"[39] that wanted to highlight the "seventh day of the seventh month in the seventh year" by telling people to log into the Xbox 360 to download free Bungie-themed Marketplace Game Pics and Dashboard themes. Also released were new Halo 3 wallpapers, and screenshots. This day became known as Bungie Day amongst the community and Bungie has celebrated the date ever since.

Halo 3 had several marketing campaigns that built up its hype up to, and including, "Iris", "Believe", "Landfall", and it's two other trailers that were released.

Halo 3 launched on September 25, 2007 on the Xbox 360. In addition to the campaign and multiplayer modes, new modes were introduced: Forge, Saved Films, Screenshots, Saved File Types, Theater, and more.

On October 5, 2007, Bungie announced[40][41][42] their independence from Microsoft, becoming a privately held independent company, Bungie, LLC, with Microsoft holding a minority equity interest. This separation went into effect on October 1.[43] In their weekly update,[44] Frank O'Connor explained that Bungie had been built to be creative, original, and to pursue ideas. Microsoft agreed and decided it was within both of the companies' interest to separate. Microsoft would retain a minority stake within Bungie and continue to partner with them on publishing and marketing both Halo and future projects, with the Halo intellectual property belonging to Microsoft. At the time, the actual company name was "Arete Seven, LLC" (doing business as Bungie, LLC).[45][46][47][48][49]

As part of their independence, Microsoft would hold onto the Halo intellectual property, and Bungie had to release three more Halo games, which would eventually be Halo 3, Halo 3: ODST, and Halo: Reach. Bungie and Microsoft also intended to expand their partnership to include new IP created and owned by Bungie, which would eventually be Destiny, but Bungie decided to sign with Activision as their publisher instead.

Halo 3: ODST and Halo: Reach[]

Around 2005-2006, Marcus Lehto began working with a small team to start on "Halo 4," which would eventually become Halo: Reach, but due to Halo Chronicles falling through, Bungie needed one more game to finish their contract with Microsoft. Microsoft wanted Halo 3 campaign DLC, but Paul Bertone and Joe Station didn't want to reuse any campaign assets. Then Bungie-CEO Harold Ryan told Staten that he and Bertone had to create a game fast, had to use the Halo 3 engine, and would have no engineering support. With ideas from the cancelled Halo Chronicles in their heads, they came up with a story about a lone marine trying to find his squad, who had all been separated. This was the beginning of Halo 3: Recon (eventually renamed to Halo 3: ODST).[8]

At the 2008 Winter Pentathlon on January 30,[38][50] Studio Manager and CEO Harold Ryan revealed Bungie’s declaration of independence, a document that looks strangely similar to a much more famous one, and every full-time employee at the studio was asked to sign it. The "Seven Articles of the Bungie Constitution" were born.

Not many employees wanted to work on Recon due to the lack of a big monetary benefit, so Staten and Bertone had to fight to keep what resources they had, including the employees who were working on the game. The story was already set, but the team decided to use "film noir" storytelling instead of the linear storying Halo 1-3 had, including changing the music from orchestral to jazz.

Before E3 2008, Bungie was scheduled to reveal their newest game, but Ryan announced that the revealed was canceled.[51] On October 10, announced their newest Halo game through an announcement trailer. The game was a prequel and expansion to Halo 3 titled Halo 3: Recon.[52] The Ghost Recon game series team was upset with the name, so on November 25, 2008, Bungie announced that the game would be known as "Halo 3: ODST."[8][53]

The team created a band new Halo mode: Firefight, which allowed players to fight against wave after wave of enemies who grew in intensity and difficulty. O'Donnell pushed for the mode to be created, and Bertone said that the waves of enemies in the Truth and Reconciliation level in Halo and the campaign scoring in Halo 3 is what led to the creation of the mode, with a prototype created by Tim Williams.

The original plan was for ODST to be released in the spring of 2009 at $30, however, Xbox leadership decided that the game was bigger than an expansion and wanted to charge $60 while releasing it during the 2009 fall season. As a result of this extra time, the team spent months tweaking, tuning, and polishing. This also allowed the team to insert a side-story into the game, Sadie's Story, an ARG-type of story created by Halo 2's 42 Entertainment who had created the I Love Bees ARG.[8]

Halo 3: ODST was released on September 22, 2009 on the Xbox 360. As a teaser, Bungie created a poster within the game entitled "Destiny Awaits." No one realized it was a teaser until shortly after Destiny was announced.

During brainstorming sessions for Halo 4, it was decided that the team didn't want to continue with Master Chief's story, and instead decided to create a prequel to the first Halo game.[54][55] They figured out that they wanted to tell story of Reach, a human colony world in the Halo universe that got "glassed" (destroyed) before the event of Halo: Combat Evolved. The knew this was similar to the story of the Titanic ship that sank, where everyone knew what would happen in the end, so they had to figure out how to get people to care for the characters. Marcus Lehto, the project lead, and other designers drew influence from The Magnificent Seven and Saving Private Ryan.[8]

At E3 2009 on June 1, 2009, Bungie and Microsoft revealed Bungie's last Halo game in the franchise, Halo: Reach,[56] with a press release announcing an invitation to an open multiplayer beta would be released in 2010.[57] Around that same time, Microsoft was creating a new division to take over the Halo franchise, 343 Industries, with Frank O'Connor (then-Bungie's writer for Halo 3) taking on the role of creative director.[58]

Throughout development, Bungie slowly started moving to their new studio in Bellevue, and as each team finished, they would move, leaving only a skeleton crew at the end of development to complete the game.

Halo: Reach was released worldwide on September 14, 2010 on the Xbox 360.

On March 31, 2012, Bungie shut down their Halo stat tracking on their website, completing their transfer of the Halo series to 343 Industries.

The Destiny Era[]

Activision and Bungie Aerospace[]

Sometime around late-2007, Bungie co-founder Jason Jones returned from a sabbatical, and instead of working on Halo 3, ODST, or Reach, he, Jaime Griesemer, and a small team of engineers and artists began working on the game that was codenamed Tiger,[59] which would eventually become Destiny.[8] At the time, Bungie wanted to create something different from Halo and focused more on fantasy, creating designs for knights, swords, and sorcery with a white city on a hill. However, a lot of employees had joined Bungie to work on Halo and science fiction games, so they ended up combining the two genres together.[60]

On May 8, 2006[29], then Bungie-president Harold Ryan and composer Marty O'Donnell formed a company together called Podophobia Entertainment, Inc.,[30] to seemingly trademark "Destiny," a logo, with a description that read, "Computer game software; Computer game software downloadable from a global computer network; Video game software; Virtual reality game software." This was discovered in May 2011[31][32] after a disgruntled ex-employee at the time said that they were working on a game called "Destiny."[33]

In April 2010, "Arete Seven, LLC" (doing business as Bungie, LLC) officially changed its name to "Bungie, Inc."[49]

On April 29, 2010, Bungie announced that it would be entering into a ten-year publishing deal with Activision-Blizzard for Bungie's next action game series (Destiny), under which Bungie would own the IP and retain control of the game development cycle while Activision would have a 10-year license to publish all video games created around that franchise on multiple platforms.[61][62] Bungie said that Jason Jones had already begun laying the groundwork for the new game with a core team.[63]

On June 30, 2011, Bungie announced its Bungie Aerospace project, which was intended to provide independent game developers with publishing, resources, and support.[64] In November, Bungie Aerospace published its first game, Crimson: Steam Pirates, for iOS and Google Chrome, which was developed by game developer Harebrained Schemes.[65] Bungie also provided players with statistical support and a dedicated discussion forum on Bungie.net.[66] As of August 2021, this is Bungie Aerospace's only published game.

Sometime in 2011, Marty O'Donnell began working on the score for Destiny, deciding that he and Michael Salvatori would compose the score for the entire franchise at once.[67] To begin, they would create a prequel soundtrack entitled "Music of the Spheres" that would be released shortly before Destiny's release. During development, they were assisted by Sir Paul McCartney who created a song specifically for Destiny entitled, "Hope for the Future."[68]

Bungie celebrated its 20th anniversary on August 3, 2011, by releasing a ViDoc: O Brave New World.[69]

On February 11, 2013, Bungie announced their newest game, Destiny through a video documentary and reveal trailer entitled Pathways Out of Darkness.[70][71] An alternate reality game (ARG) began the same day on Bungie.net. An Alpha Lupa forum account released cryptic images and messages over the next seven days that the community could solve prior to February 17 where more information would be released. Once solved, users could download an MP3 track by O'Donnell and a completed image of the solved puzzle.[72] Based on images of the ARG and Music of the Spheres, it's hypothesized that this was an ARG for that prequel soundtrack rather than for Destiny itself.

At E3 2013, an official trailer for Destiny was shown off at Sony's Press Conference.[73] Shortly after the trailer was released, O'Donnell tweeted that the trailer hadn't been made at Bungie, but had been made by Activision instead,[74] noting that the music wasn't created by him and threatening fellow employees to not share it. This led then-CEO Harold Ryan and others on the management team to file a complaint against Activision, but it was overruled. O'Donnell was given a poor performance review due to his tweets.[67]

During development, Joseph Staten and his team were tasked with writing the game's story. In July 2013, a two-hour "supercut" of the complete story was put together for Bungie's leadership, comprising cinematics and major story elements. They reacted negatively, saying that it was too campy and linear, and completely scrapped the story to be rebuilt. Jason Jones created an "Iron Bar" of meetings sometimes in August, where he and other creators such as Christopher Barrett and Luke Smith created a new plot, overhauling the story to be less linear and stitching together pieces of encounters that had already been created. The way destinations and enemies were introduced completely changed, some characters were overhauled, and most of the dialogue had to be rewritten. In order to make Destiny more open-world, the "Director" was created to allow players non-linear access to destinations. A lot of Staten's backstory was repurposed into lore called "Grimoire."[75]

On September 24, 2013, Bungie announced that Staten had left Bungie to "tackle new creative challenges," thanking him.[76]

As a result of the game's revisions, the game's release date was pushed by from September 2013 to March 2014,[77] and then again[75] to September 2014.

In February 2014, due to internal arguments with O'Donnell, Bungie drafted a termination agreement where O'Donnell could continue working on the game until his work was complete - no later than July 31. O'Donnell declined to sign it but agreed to continue working.[67] On April 11, Bungie's board of directors terminated O'Donnell without cause, wishing him luck in his future endeavors.[78][79] A legal battle between him and then-CEO Harold Ryan began shortly after, which was resolved in 2015 in favor of O'Donnell.[80]

At E3 2014 in June 2014 at Sony's Press Conference, a new Destiny trailer was shown off, announcing the September 9, 2014 launch date.[81] Another trailer was created where Jason Jones gave a thorough breakdown of what to expect in Destiny, and announcing that a public beta would take place take place beginning July 17.[82] After E3, a Destiny First Look Alpha took place for limited public availability from June 12-15.[83][84]

Destiny was released worldwide on September 9, 2014, worldwide (11th in Japan) for the PlayStation 3 and 4, and Xbox 360 and Xbox One. Per their contact with Activision, Bungie was to release disc-based sequels to the game every second year up until 2019.[59] Reviews for the game were mixed due to the game's story and it's style of delivery. The game received a 6/10 from GameSpot[85] and Polygon, 3/5 from Giant Bomb[85] and The Escapist[85], a 7.8/10 from IGN,[86] and an 8/10 from Official Xbox Magazine.

Three months later on December 9, Destiny's first expansion, The Dark Below, was released. On May 19, 2015, the next expansion, House of Wolves, was released. On September 15, the third expansion, The Taken King, was released. This expansion was showcased at E3 2015 and overhauled many systems within Destiny, including new subclasses, more loot, Collections, better quest tracking, Artifacts, new locations, and more.

On January 27, 2016, Bungie announced that its Board of Directors had appointed Pete Parsons to the role of chief executive officer, and Harold Ryan would be stepping down as studio president.[87][88]

A sequel to Destiny was supposed to be released in 2016, however, due to the game being rebooted, it was pushed to 2017.[89] Instead, Bungie decided to create a fourth expansion entitled, Rise of Iron, which released on September 20, 2016.

On December 8, 2016, Bungie announced a partnership with Vicarious Visions to "expand" the Destiny universe.[90]

Destiny 2, NetEase, Activision Split, Studio Expansion, and 30th Anniversary[]

Work began on Destiny 2 in November 2014, shortly after the release of the original game.[91] In May 2016, it was reported that Destiny 2 had been "rebooted."[89]

Destiny 2 was officially revealed on March 30, 2017.[92] A beta for Xbox One and PlayStation 4 lasted from July 18 through July 23, with a PC beta lasting from August 28 to August 31.

Destiny 2 was officially released on September 6, 2017 on the Xbox One and PlayStation 4. On October 24, it was released for PC through Blizzard.

Curse of Osiris, Destiny 2's first expansion, was released on December 5, 2017. On May 8, 2018, the next expansion, Warmind, was released.

It was revealed in June 2018 that NetEase, a Chinese online gaming company, invested more than $100 million in Bungie, gaining a minority stake in the company and a seat on its board of directors.[93]

A third expansion for Destiny 2, entitled Forsaken, was released on September 4, 2018. During an Activision earnings call, Activision COO Coddy Johnson said that Activision wasn't happy With Forsaken's sales, promising investors a faster content model and new forms of monetization for the game.[94] In response, Bungie's Destiny 2 Game Director Luke Smith tweeted that Bungie wasn't disappointed with Forsaken and that, going forward, building Destiny for players who love it is and will remain Bungie's focus.[95][96][97]

On December 4, Destiny's fifth expansion, Black Armory (renamed to Season of the Forge) was released.

On January 10, 2019, Bungie ended its publishing deal with Activision, ready to publish on their own.[98][99] Bungie retained all rights to Destiny and Activision transferred all publishing rights for Destiny to Bungie. Due to the deal ending, Bungie's partnership with Vicarious Visions and High Moon Studios, who both had been working on Destiny 2 content, also ended.

Joker's Wild (renamed Season of the Drifter) was released on March 5. Penumbra (renamed to Season of Opulence), was released on June 4. Destiny 2's next big expansion, Shadowkeep, alongside Season of the Undying, were released on October 1, 2019. Seasons Dawn, Worthy, and Arrivals were released from December 10, 2019 to November 10, 2020. That same day, Beyond Light was released alongside Season of the Hunt.

On February 18, 2021, Bungie announced preparations for their future with a studio expansion at their Bellevue office, key talent investments, new board members, and its first international office in Amsterdam by 2022.[100] These expansions will give Bungie more support with additional staff for Destiny and Destiny media outside of video games, as well as upcoming projects that Bungie expects to release by 2025.[101][102]

Destiny 2's Seasons Chosen, Splicer, and Lost were released through February 22, 2022.

Bungie celebrated its 30th anniversary as a company on Bungie Day 2021 (July 7).[103] Additionally, on August 24, alongside their reveal of Destiny 2: The Witch Queen, Season of the Lost, Destiny 2: Lightfall, and Destiny 2: The Final Shape, they announced their Destiny 2: Bungie 30th Anniversary expansion.[104] On September 9, Bungie celebrated Destiny's seventh anniversary and sharing some details about behind-the-scenes issues that took place during Destiny's live reveal at E3 2013.[105]

On September 27, 2021,[106] Bungie signed a lease for two floors in downtown Seattle at the 2+U tower for 300 employees due to more than 30% of Bungie employees living in Seattle (which was about 1/3 of their company). The decision was made in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic while their Bellevue office was under construction, giving their employees more flexibility around living options and commute. This decision was also in-line with their studio expansion plans.[100]

In December, Bungie released their newest Destiny 2 expansion: Bungie 30th Anniversary Pack. The expansion was a celebration of Bungie's 30 years in gaming and included several weapons, armor, callbacks, hints, and more that were inspired by their past games. The in-game lore reason for these items appearing is due to Xûr and the Starhorse hosting the Dares of Eternity game show, giving you rewards and treasures from across the paraverse - realities different from our own. The location of the activity is called Eternity and is a plane that exists between realities, where the paraverses converge. With the paraverses converging, the idea is that each of Bungie's games/series is in a separate universe, and Bungie has created a multiverse for their games and series.

IGN Scandal[]

Three days later, on December 10,[107] IGN released an article that shared accounts of the studio's work culture from 26 current and former employees who worked at Bungie within the last decade. While Bungie had shared publicly about its desire to push back toxic work culture earlier in the year (in response to Activision-Blizzard's scandal,[108] including introducing new initiatives and hiring a diversity and inclusion director,[109] the employees shared experiences of "overt sexism, boys' club culture, crunch, and HR protection against abusers, as well as more complex stories of microaggressions, systemic inequalities, and difficulties in being heard." They also shared they they, "despite their own hurts, truly believe the studio is slowly but steadily improving, are candid about the immense challenge of trying to turn such a massive ship in a better direction, and whose accounts of change line up with statements made to IGN by [Pete] Parsons" in the article.[107] Most accounts were from individuals who were close to or part of the narrative team, sharing that issues developed as far back as Destiny (2014).

In response, Bungie-CEO Pete Parsons released a statement,[110] apologizing "to anyone who has ever experienced anything less than a safe, fair, and professional working environment at Bungie. I am not here to refute or to challenge the experiences being shared by people who have graced our studio with their time and talent. Our actions or, in some cases, inactions, caused these people pain. I apologize personally and on behalf of everyone at Bungie who I know feel a deep sense of empathy and sadness reading through these accounts."

He then shared many actions that Bungie had taken over the years to address its culture, and he confirmed with IGN that people had been let go. "We believe the people whose behavior warranted removal from our company have been terminated or are no longer working for Bungie, but if new information comes to light – whether through this story or by named or anonymous people coming forward – we will act on that information and investigate with integrity," he said.[110]

PlayStation X Bungie

The Sony Era and Becoming a Global Multi-Media Entertainment Company[]

Bungie Joins PlayStation[]

On January 31, 2022,[111][112] Bungie and Sony announced that Bungie would be joining the PlayStation family. Jim Ryan, president and CEO of Sony, said that Bungie "will remain an independent and multi-platform studio and publisher" and that "Bungie’s world-class expertise in multi-platform development and live game services will help us deliver on our vision of expanding PlayStation to hundreds of millions of gamers."

Bungie CEO Pete Parsons said, "we have found a partner who unconditionally supports us in all we are and who wants to accelerate our vision to create generation-spanning entertainment, all while preserving the creative independence that beats in Bungie’s heart. Like us, SIE believes that game worlds are only the beginning of what our IPs can become. Together, we share a dream of creating and fostering iconic franchises that unite friends around the world, families across generations, and fans across multiple platforms and entertainment mediums. Today, Bungie begins our journey to become a global multi-media entertainment company." Parsons said that Bungie is continuing to development new worlds, and that Bungie will remain in charge of its destiny.

It was reported that Sony purchased Bungie for $3.6 billion,[113][114][115] with $1.2 billion for the retention of current employees,[116] and that the deal had been in the works for nearly half a year.[117] Some employees would receive "roughly a year's worth of income" in compensation - though not all at once. [118]"Employees will receive 50 percent of their equity payouts when the Sony deal closes and 50 percent over the next few years."[118]

Sony executive Hiroki Totoki said Bungie would aid PlayStation in Sony's major expansion of live service game development. "The strategic significance of this acquisition lies not only in obtaining the highly successful Destiny franchise, as well as major new IP Bungie is currently developing, but also incorporating into the Sony group the expertise and technologies Bungie has developed in the live game services space," he said.[119][120]

Bungie officially joined PlayStation on July 15, 2022,[121][122][123][124] after the Federal Trade Commission completed its query of the deal.[125][126]

The Witch Queen, Human Rights Support, Digital-First, and Dev Harassment[]

On February 22, 2022, Destiny 2: The Witch Queen was released alongside Season of the Risen. Destiny 2's Seasons 17-19 (Haunted, Plunder, and Seraph) were released throughout 2022 and ended with the launch of Destiny 2's next expansion, Lightfall, on February 28, 2023.

Shortly after Russia invaded Ukraine[127], Bungie released a statement[128] in support of the "people of Ukraine and everyone impacted by the ongoing war." The Bungie Foundation committed to donate 100 percent of the proceeds from the first 48 hours of their Game2Give charity initiative directly to humanitarian aid organizations, which ended up being $120,000. In addition, all Destiny 2 sales in Russia and Belarus were suspended, and a new "Cоняшник" emblem was given out to all players. "...we humbly tried to exemplify the hope and courage that has been so emblematic of the Ukrainian people during this impossible time," Bungie said. "Alongside Ukraine’s coat of arms, impressionistic sunflowers, Ukraine’s national flower, populate the peaceful countryside – a metaphor for hope and our way of expressing solidarity."

In April, Bungie announced their "digital-first" initiative, with "most current and future roles" will become fully remote in eligible states.[129] Pete Parsons, Bungie CEO, said that "We. Are. All. In."[130] The number of employees listed at the time was 1,100.[131]

In May,[132] Bungie and the Black at Bungie inclusion club worked together to respond to the terrorist attack that occurred in Buffalo, New York, on May 14.[133] Also in May[134], Bungie announced support for essential healthcare rights after the draft decision by the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe. v. Wade was leaked. After it was officially overturned, Bungie updated their article, saying, "Bungie is committed to ensuring that every one of our employees and their families have safe and affordable access to essential healthcare needs. As we continue to expand our digital-first workplace to more states, we will now be implementing a travel reimbursement program for any employee to use when they or a dependent cannot get access to the healthcare they need where they live."

In June, a developer received harassment and death threats when they told a player that the Twilight Garrison exotic wouldn't be returning to Destiny 2.[135] This led to him shutting down his account for a brief time, and rarely responding to players upon his return.

Bungie officially joined PlayStation on July 15, 2022,[121][122][123][124] after the Federal Trade Commission completed its query of the deal.[125][126] That same day, Bungie filed a lawsuit against a Destiny 2 player for cheating and making threats against the studio and its employees.[136]

A week or so later, a player on Reddit made a thread that they missed seeing "Bungie Replied" responses on the subreddit.[137] Community Manager dmg04, who was on leave at the time, explained that due to real threats made towards employees and the studio, Bungie was reducing all communications to help avoid these things in the future.[138] It was revealed in court filings that various Destiny 2 developers had been threatened, doxxed and harassed, including receiving racist voice mails and having pizzas delivered to their place of residence. [139][140][141][142]

The annual Destiny 2 Showcase took place on August 23.[143] Announcements included the launch of Season of Plunder and the return of the King's Fall raid, the announcement of Destiny 2: Lightfall, the first crossover collaboration between Destiny and a third-party, Fortnite, and several Destiny 2 upgrades.

Toward the end of Season of Plunder, a new ARG launched where Telesto, one of Destiny 2's most iconic weapons, "took over" Destiny 2 and all Bungie communications, various Destiny fan-created websites, and even Bungie's own offices.[144] Telesto also started acting oddly in the game, such as its bullets floating into the air. Bungie's typical weekly blog was also released as "Telesto's Week at Bungie."[145] The ARG lasted for about a week, and players earned a new Telesto emblem as part of the event.[146]

The final season of 2022 was Season of the Seraph and was set up to be a prelude to Lightfall. A few weeks into the season, a player reported that their character mysteriously deleted during a server connection error.[147] Bungie eventually restored the character, citing that it was a "unique situation" and that "this was an extremely complicated process that required a variety of teams and numerous hours to implement for a single account."[148] Shortly thereafter, more players started claiming that their characters had mysteriously deleted, too.[149] Bungie responded to their claims, saying, "Maintaining your characters and progress is our top priority. After kicking off a deep dive investigation of a very low number of reports of missing characters out of an abundance of caution, we are confident that no characters or progress were incorrectly lost by our systems."[150]

On January 18, 2023, Google's Stadia platform shut down. The September 2022 announcement of the shutdown was a shock to Bungie, who learned about the news at the same time as everyone else.[151][152] Within a few weeks, Bungie announced a plan, creating an article telling players to set up Cross Save and to make sure to choose their Stadia characters as the main ones, and that failure to do that could result in a loss of their account.[153] As part of this process, Bungie sent several in-game messages to Stadia players to set up Cross Save, and also shut down Destiny 2 a week before Stadia's shut down on January 18 to give those players a final chance to set it up. Bungie offered Stadia players a free month of GeForce Now for those who still wanted the benefits of playing Destiny 2 without a PC.[154]

Prior to Lightfall launching on February 28, Game Director Joe Blackburn released a blog post about the future of Destiny 2, specifically mentioning that the game would be tuned to be more challenging, that the seasonal model would be slowly updated throughout the year, plans for a Fireteam Finder and Text Chat, and more.[155] After Lightfall launched, Bungie released a Developer Insights video using YouTube Live Stream feature. The chat was hostile to the devs, and Bungie decided to turn off comments to the video once the live stream ended.[156][157]

PlayStation Showcase 2023 - Destiny, Bungie, Marathon

A New Marathon[]

On May 24, Sony held their annual PlayStation Showcase.[158][159][160] Towards the end of the event, a mysterious trailer from Bungie appeared announcing their newest game, Marathon,[161] as well as a trailer for Destiny 2's next expansion, The Final Shape.[162] After the event ended, an ARG launched that would eventually unlock a Marathon ViDoc,[163] as well as a Q&A and a recap of the day's events.[164]

The Pride@Bungie inclusion association was officially announced in June 2023,[165] sharing why Pride matters, and giving Destiny 2 players a new and free "Rainbow Connection" emote that displays the LGBTQIA+ flag colors in a rainbow that the players creates above their head, with text displayed to players in their feed as "Player appreciates everyone," and, if looking at a player, "Player appreciates Player."

In August,[166] Destiny 2 Game Director Joe Blackburn released a "State of the Game" that explained how they were addressing the community's feedback, ritual updates, new multiplayer maps and modes, armor set rewards, game security improvements, server stability updates, updates to the seasonal model with "Episodes" once The Final Shape launches, various quality-of-life updates, sandbox updates, and previews for what Bungie has been working on for The Final Shape. Feedback from the community was very negative,[167][168][169] to the point that Blackburn released a second update two weeks[170] later to better address the community's response and what they were doing to improve things.

Also in August, Bungie announced that Commander Zavala, the character voiced by the late Lance Reddick, would remain in the game with Reddick's voice lines intact, but future voice lines for the character would be voiced by Keith David.[171]

During Hispanic Heritage Month in October 2023, "Latin@Bungie" was introduced as one of Bungie's newest Inclusion, Diversity, & Equity Associations.[172]

Layoffs and the Future[]

During the morning on October 30, 2023, employees started posting on their social media accounts that they had been laid off, with more reports and updates throughout the day. Employees were not told ahead of time and found out in real time. Most employees from the community and social teams, support, marketing, legal, recruiting, art, human resources, quality assurance, and elsewhere were let go. In total, it was reported that 8% of the company, around 100 employees, had been laid off from the company.[173]

According to a report from IGN,[174] Bungie CEO Pete Parsons cited Destiny 2‘s declining performance in 2023 as a cause. Parsons responded to the layoffs, seemingly after the layoffs ended, on X (formerly Twitter), expressing sadness that those at Bungie had to say goodbye to their colleagues and that their contributions were enormous.[175] A report from Bloomberg[173] reported that about 1200 employees remained at the studio, and noted that Bungie’s upcoming projects were internally delayed as part of the move, with The Final Shape quietly moving to June 2024. The "Destiny 2 Dev Team" posted a Bungie.net article on November 2 entitled "Our Path Forward."[176] In the article, they said this week "has been one of the most difficult weeks in our studio’s history," and that they had heard about player fears for the future of Destiny 2, promising to share short-term updates over the coming weeks. Later in the month, the team confirmed reports that The Final Shape had been delayed until June 4, 2024.[177]

In November, it was revealed that Bungie had cancelled Matter in December 2020.[178][179][180] IGN reported in March 2024 that Bungie tried revamping the game with a slightly different direction until that version was cancelled in late 2022.[181]

In January 2024, a job listing for a payroll manager at Bungie mentioned that they had over 1400 employees across the U.S., Japan, Canada, and the Netherlands,[182][183][184] seemingly showing that the company hired more people than the number they had let go in October and that Sony was helping the company. However, the number was later contradicted by Bungie a few days later,[183][185] explaining that the number of employees had remained at 1350 since the layoffs, that the number doesn't include contractors or Sony employees, that Sony is helping them create in-game assets like weapon models, and that there hasn't been a mass re-hiring.

Destiny 2 Game Director Joe Blackburn announced that he was leaving the company at the end of January,[186] a month before The Final Shape's "End-to-End" playtest and five months before launch of the expansion. Tyson Green replaced him as game director.[187] In March, Joe Ziegler announced that he had been working on Marathon as the game director for the past nine months.[188][189] Christopher Barrett, the previous game director, had become an executive creative director at that time before leaving Bungie in April.[190]

Bungie released a free limited-time event in Destiny 2 called Into the Light on April 9, shortly after revealing that a new subclass was being introduced in The Final Shape expansion: Prismatic.[191] Into the Light was set as a prologue to the event in The Final Shape where forces of the Witness (Hive and Fallen) were attacking the Last City, and Guardians had to defend the city in a new game mode, Onslaught. The event also returned "The Whisper" and "Zero Hour" exotic missions to the game and making their respective exotics craftable.

Destiny 2: The Final Shape launched on June 4 to raving reviews.



Title Release Platform Notes
GNOP! 1990 Classic Mac OS
  • Pre-official founding of Bungie
Operation: Desert Storm 1991 Classic Mac OS
Minotaur: The Labyrinths of Crete 1992 Classic Mac OS
Pathways Into Darkness 1993 Classic Mac OS, OS X
  • Re-released on the Mac App Store on April 4, 2013
Marathon 1994 Classic Mac OS, Apple Pippin, Windows, Linux, iOS
  • Re-released on iOS in July 2011 by Daniel Blezek; optimized in 2019 by Dustin Wenz
  • Released on Steam as "Classic Marathon" in May 10, 2024 by Aleph One Developers
Marathon 2: Durandal 1995 Classic Mac OS, Pippin, Xbox Live Arcade, Windows, OS X, iOS, Linux
  • Re-released on iOS in December 2011 by Daniel Blezek; optimized in 2019 by Dustin Wenz
  • Will be released on Steam as "Classic Marathon 2" by Aleph One Developers
Marathon Infinity 1996 Classic Mac OS, Windows, OS X, iOS, Linux
  • Re-released on iOS in May 2012 by Daniel Blezek; optimized in 2019 by Dustin Wenz
  • Will be released on Steam as "Classic Marathon Infinity" by Aleph One Developers
Abuse 1997 MS-DOS, Mac OS, Archimedes, AmigaOS, AmigaOS 4, iOS, Android, Linux, OpenBSD, IBM AIX
  • Macintosh port
Weekend Warrior 1997 Classic Mac OS
  • As publisher
Myth: The Fallen Lords 1997 Windows, Classic Mac OS
Myth II: Soulblighter 1998 Windows, Classic Mac OS, Linux
Oni 2001 Windows, PlayStation 2, Classic Mac OS
  • Published by Take-Two Interactive
Halo: Combat Evolved 2001 Xbox, Windows, Mac OS, Xbox 360, Steam, Microsoft Store PC
Halo 2 2004 Xbox, Windows, Steam, Microsoft Store PC
Halo 3 2007 Xbox, Steam, Microsoft Store PC
Halo 3: ODST 2009 Xbox 360, Xbox One, Windows (Steam & Microsoft Store)
Halo: Reach 2010 Xbox 360, Xbox One, Windows (Steam & Microsoft Store)
Crimson: Steam Pirates 2011 iOS, Chrome Web Browser
Destiny 2014-2016 PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360 (except Japan), Xbox One (except Japan)
  • Released 4 expansions: The Dark Below (2014), House of Wolves (2015), The Taken King (2015), Rise of Iron (2016)
  • Originally published by Activision circa 2014-2019
Destiny 2 2017-Present PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Battle.net, Steam, Stadia, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S, Epic Games Store
  • Released 8 expansions so far: Curse of Osiris (2017), Warmind (2018), Forsaken (2018), Shadowkeep (2019), Beyond Light (2020), The Witch Queen (2022), Lightfall (2023), The Final Shape (2024)
  • Released 23 Seasons so far
  • Originally published by Activision circa 2017-2019; original version replaced with a free-to-play version in 2019

In Development[]

Title Announced Status Genre Notes
Marathon (New) May 24, 2023 Production First-Person Extraction Looter Shooter
Gummy Bears August 2019 Incubation Team-Based Action, MOBA, Life Sim, Frog-Type
Pimps at Sea 2001 Last seen in 2011 Full-Contact Action, Real-Time Strategy, Role-Playing, Ship-to-Ship Warfare, Movie Some people believe this may have been an April Fools' Day joke.

Cancelled Projects[]

Title Start of Development Cancellation Date Reason Genre
Archipelago (a.k.a. Odyssey) 1992 1992 or 1993 Jason Jones chose to make Pathways Into Darkness instead Role-playing, Adventure, Top-Down View
Mosaic 1993 Early 1994 Marathon development issues First-person shooter
Monster Hunter 2001 Early 2002 Halo 2 development issues Third-Person Shooter, Action, Beat 'em up
Phoenix (a.k.a. Fantasy Siege, and Breach) 1999 Late 2002 / Early 2003 Unknown Real-Time Strategy, Siege Warfare, Fantasy
Gypsum Early 2003 June 2003 Halo 2 development issues Third-Person, Beat 'em Up, Free-Roam, Fantasy
Dragon Tavern 2007 2007 or 2008 Bungie went with another idea that became Destiny Third-Person, Multiplayer Fantasy, Shared-World
Matter ~2018 December 2020 and Late 2022 after a rework Unknown Multiplayer Action, Hero Shooter, RPG, MMO, Third-Person Action

Other Projects[]

Title Release Platform Notes
Super Marathon 1996 Apple Pippin A bundle of Marathon and Marathon 2; published by Bandai
Odyssey: The Legend of Nemesis 1996 Classic Mac OS Developed by Paranoid Productions using Minotaur's engine; credits gave thanks to Alex Seropian, Jason Jones, Greg Kirkpatrick and Doug Zartman
Prime Target 1996 Classic Mac OS Developed by WizardWorks Group, Inc. using Marathon 2's engine
ZPC 1996 Classic Mac OS, Windows Developed by Zombie LLC using Marathon 2's engine
Damage Incorporated 1997 Classic Mac OS Developed by Paranoid Productions using Marathon 2's engine
Marathon Trilogy 1997 Classic Mac OS A box set of the three Marathon games and Pathways Into Darkness
Bungie Mac Action Sack 1999 Classic Mac OS A collection of six Bungie Macintosh games on one CD
Stubbs the Zombie in Rebel Without a Pulse 2005 Xbox Engine technology and special thanks; developed by Wideload Games
Halo 2: Multiplayer Map Pack 2005 Xbox A box set of all Halo 2 multiplayer maps released at that point
Halo Triple Pack 2005 Xbox A three-case pack containing the Halo: Combat Evolved, Halo 2, and the Halo 2: Multiplayer Map Pack
Halo 3: Mythic 2009 Xbox Included with Halo 3: ODST as a separate disc of Halo 3's multiplayer, Forge, the Theater, and every Halo 3 multiplayer map, including three new maps: Heretic, Citadel, and Longshore, along with their respective achievements.
Uncharted 2: Among Thieves 2009 PlayStation 3 Special thanks; developed by Naughty Dog
Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception 2011 PlayStation 3 Special thanks; developed by Naughty Dog
Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary 2011 Xbox 360, Xbox One, Windows Remaster of Halo: Combat Evolved utilizing Halo: Reach's engine and graphics.
Halo: The Master Chief Collection 2014 Xbox One, Windows Compilation of Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary, Halo 2: Anniversary, Halo 3, Halo 3: ODST, Halo 4, Halo: Reach, and their multiplayer modes and maps.
Concord 2024 PlayStation 5, PC Support; developed by Firewalk Studios



Bungie logo gnop

GNOP! (1990, pre-official founding) and Operation: Desert Storm (1991)









External Links[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - History of Bungie Pt. 1
  2. Bungie.org - Inside Mac Games: Interview: Bungie's Jason Jones
  3. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - History of Bungie Pt. 2
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 ChicagoReader.com (via Archive.org) - Monsters in a Box (March 2000)
  5. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - History of Bungie Pt. 3
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bungie.org - The Marathon Scrapbook
  7. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - History of Bungie Pt. 4
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 Vice.com - The Complete Untold Story of Halo (March 2018)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Gamespot - Microsoft Acquires Bungie
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  12. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - History of Bungie Pt. 6
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  22. Manoukakopyan.com (via Archive.org) - Bungie Jump Up to Disney
  23. Venturebeat.com (April 24, 2017) - EA's Peter Moore says a fond adios to the game industry
  24. TheRinger.com (November 11, 2019) - When 'Halo 2' Invaded Planet Earth
  25. IGN.com (October 11, 2004) - Halo 2 is Golden
  26. MCVUK.com - Single Player (November 8, 2007)
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  28. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Halo 3 Announced (May 9, 2006)
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  32. 32.0 32.1 GameRant - Trademark Confirms Bungie's Next Game Is Titled 'Destiny'
  33. 33.0 33.1 Kotaku - 'Destiny' The Next Game From Halo Creators, Says Source (February 17, 2011)
  34. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Bungie Weekly Update (September 1, 2006)
  35. 1up.com (via Archive.org) - Halo 3 Xbox 360 Preview (November 8, 2006)
  36. Bungie.net (via Archive.org - Multiplayer Madness! (April 10, 2007)
  37. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Bungie Weekly Update (July 6, 2007)
  38. 38.0 38.1 Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Bungie History Pt. 9: Rebirth
  39. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Love, Bungie (July 7, 2007)
  40. Bungie.net (via archive.org) - Bungie Announces Independence: Press Release (October 5, 2007)
  41. Seattle Times - Microsoft, "Halo" maker Bungie split (October 6, 2007)
  42. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Bungie Studios Becomes Privately Held Independent Company (October 5, 2007)
  43. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Bungie Weekly What's Update (October 5, 2007)
  44. Bungie.net (via archive.org) - 10/05/07 Bungie Weekly What's Update! (October 5, 2007)
  45. MyVisaJobs.com - Arete Seven llc (d.b.a. Bungie, Llc)
  46. Bungie.net - Arete Seven = Bungie's real name?
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  51. GamePro - Bungie cancels surprise announcement of surprise E3 game (July 16, 2008)
  52. GameIndustry.biz - Bungie: Recond is our last halo trilogy project (October 10, 2008)
  53. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Halo 3: ODST
  54. IGN - Bungie's Halo 4 Might Have Been Closer to 343 Industries' Vision Than You Think (July 20, 2021)
  55. MTV - Bungie Considered 'Halo 4' Starring Master Chief, Instead of 'Reach' Prequel (June 25, 2010)
  56. GameSpot - Halo: Reach arrives 2010 (June 1, 2009)
  57. USAToday - 'Halo: Reach' multiplayer beta lands in May (February 12, 2010)
  58. IGN - SDCC 09: 343 Industries to Oversee All Halo Products
  59. 59.0 59.1 GameSpot - Destiny Sequel Plans Revealed in Court Documents (January 11, 2016)
  60. IGN - How Halo Got The Star Wars Treatment (November 1, 2013)
  61. Wired.com - Bungie, Activision Sign 10-Year Publishing Deal (April 29, 2010)
  62. G4tv.com - Industry Shocker: Halo Developer Bungie Studios Signs Deal with Activision (April 29, 2010)
  63. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Non Facete Nobis Calcitrare Vestrum Perinæum (April 29, 2010)
  64. GameSpy.com - Bungie Aerospace Unveiled as a Publisher of Indie Games (June 30, 2011)
  65. Bungie.net (via Archive.org) - Crimson: Steam Pirates
  66. Joystiq.com - First Bungie Aerospace project detailed (August 23, 2011)
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 Kotaku - How Halo and Destiny's Composer Got Fired From Bungie (September 7, 2015)
  68. Destinypedia - Music of the Spheres
  69. YouTube - Bungie: O Brave New World
  70. YouTube.com - Reveal Trailer - Official Destiny ViDoc: Pathways Out of Darkness
  71. Bungie.net - Follow Your Destiny
  72. Destinypedia - Alpha Lupi
  73. YouTube - The Game Station: Destiny - Official E3 Trailer
  74. Twitter - Marty O'Donnell (June 11, 2013)
  75. 75.0 75.1 Kotaku - The Messy, True Story Behind the Making of Destiny (October 20, 2015)
  76. Bungie.net - It's been an honor (September 24, 2013)
  77. GameSpot - Destiny's Story Was 'Substantially Revised' Before Release (September 7, 2015)
  78. Twitter - Marty O'Donnell (April 15, 2014)
  79. Bungie.net - There are those who said this day would never come... (April 16, 2014)
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  82. YouTube.com - IGN: Destiny - E3 Gameplay Experience Trailer - E3 2014 (July 9, 2014)
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  84. CinemaBlend - Destiny PS4 Alpha Test Launches Today, Everyone Will Get Invites (June 14, 2014)
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  88. Polygon.com - Bungie president Harold Ryan steps down, Pete Parsons taking over (January 27, 2016)
  89. 89.0 89.1 GameSpot - Destiny 2 "Rebooted" - Report (May 20, 2016)
  90. Twitter.com 0 @Bungie (December 8, 2016)
  91. GameSpot - "Destiny 2" in the Works (November 4, 2014)
  92. YouTube - Destiny 2: Destiny 2 - "Rally the Troops" Worldwide Reveal Trailer (March 30, 2017)
  93. GamesIndustry.biz - Bungie gets more than $100 million investment from NetEase
  94. Kotaku - Activison Says It's Not Happy with Destiny's Sales (November 8, 2018)
  95. Twitter - Luke Smith (November 10, 2018)
  96. PCGamer - Destiny 2 director responds to Activision's disappointment over Forsaken sales
  97. Eurogamer - Destiny 2 director "not disappointed" with Forsaken sales (November 12, 2018)
  98. Bungie.net - Our Destiny (January 10, 2019)
  99. Kotaku - Bungie Splits with Activision, Keeps Destiny (January 10, 2019)
  100. 100.0 100.1 Bungie.net - Bungie Prepares for Future Growth in 2021 (February 18, 2021
  101. Gamespot - Bungie Plans to Release a New Non-Destiny Game by 2025 (October 2, 2019)
  102. VG247 - Bungie announces huge expansion as it targets release of new non-Destiny game by 2025 (February 18, 2021)
  103. Bungie.net - Bungie Day 2021 (July 7, 2021)
  104. Bungie.net - Destiny 2 Showcase Recap (August 24, 2021)
  105. Bungie.net - Destiny 7th Anniversary (September 9, 2021)
  106. GeekWire - Bungie inks lease for two floors in downtown Seattle tower with room for 300 employees (September 27, 2021)
  107. 107.0 107.1 IGN - The Battle for Bungie's Soul: Inside the Studio's Struggle for a Better Work Culture (Dec. 10, 2021)
  108. Twitter - @Bungie (July 22, 2021)
  109. Bungie.net - Diversity & Inclusion Learnings and Updates (Sept. 20, 2021)
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  111. Bungie.net - Bungie Joins Sony Interactive Entertainment (Jan. 31, 2022)
  112. PlayStation - Bungie is Joining PlayStation (Jan. 31, 2022)
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  116. Eurogamer - Sony will spend $1.2bn on retaining Bungie staff (Feb. 3, 2022)
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  118. 118.0 118.1 The Washington Post - Bunge leadership assures employees Sony deal will not result in layoffs, restructuring (Feb. 1, 2022)
  119. Eurogamer - PlayStation plans to launch more than 10 live service games before March 2026 (Feb. 2, 2022)
  120. Sony - Sony Group Corporation FY2021 3Q Earnings Announcement (February 2022)
  121. 121.0 121.1 Twitter - @PlayStation: The agreement to acquire Bungie has closed. So now we can officially say... welcome to the PlayStation family, @Bungie!" (July 15, 2022, 10:00 AM PDT)
  122. 122.0 122.1 Twitter - @Bungie: "We are proud to officially join the incredible team at PlayStation, we are excited for the future of our company, and we are inspired to bring together players from all over the world to form lasting friendships and memories. Per Audacia ad Astra!" (July 15, 2022, 10:03 AM PDT)
  123. 123.0 123.1 GeekWire - Bungie officially joins PlayStation as $3.6B deal closes (July 15, 2022)
  124. 124.0 124.1 TechCrunch - Sony officially owns Bungie now (July 15, 2022)
  125. 125.0 125.1 The Information - FTC Opens Inquiry Into Sony's $3.6 Billion Bungie Gaming Purchase (May 5, 2022)
  126. 126.0 126.1 GameRant - Federal Trade Commission Is Investigating Sony’s Bungie Acquisition (May 6, 2022)
  127. Wikipedia - Russo-Ukrainian War
  128. Bungie.net - Solidarity With the People of Ukraine (March 9, 2022)
  129. Twitter - @Bungie: Bungie is going digital-first. (April 12, 2022)
  130. Twitter - @pparson: We. Are. All. In. (April 12, 2022)
  131. GeekWire - Why Bungie is becoming a ‘digital-first workplace’ — and still plans to keep its growing office footprint (May 2, 2022)
  132. Bungie.net - Bungie Statement on the Terrorist Attack in Buffalo, NY (May 17, 2022)
  133. Wikipedia - 2022 Buffalo shooting
  134. Bungie.net - Bungie Supports Essential Healthcare Rights (May 4, 2022)
  135. GINX - Destiny 2 developers harassed over Twilight Garrison controversy (June 4, 2022)
  136. Engadget - Bungie sues 'Destiny 2' player over alleged threats and cheating (July 18, 2022)
  137. Reddit - I miss seeing so many "Bungie Replied" threads here. (July 26, 2022)
  138. Reddit - dmg04 response (July 26, 2022)
  139. GamingBible - Unsettling Evidence Shows Bungie Harassed With "Racist and Serious Physical Threats" (August 4, 2022)
  140. PCGamer - Court ruling reveals more details about death threads against Destiny 2 developers (August 29, 2022)
  141. sportskeeda - Recent reports reveal more details on the harassment targeted at Destiny 2 devs (August 4, 2022)
  142. Overpowered - Stalkers harassed Destiny 2 devs with racist voice mails and doxxing, new court filings show (August 4, 2022)
  143. Bungie.net - Destiny 2 Showcase 2022 Recap (August 23, 2022)
  144. Games Radar - Destiny 2 has been hacked by Telesto for Bungie's next ARG (November 9, 2022)
  145. Bungie.net - Telesto's Week at Bungie (November 9, 2022)
  146. PC Gamer - Destiny 2's latest mystery isn't an ARG after all (November 10, 2022)
  147. Reddit - Character Deleted During Contacting Destiny Server. (January 11, 2023)
  148. Reddit - Character Deleted. Bungie Response. (January 13, 2023)
  149. The Gamer - Bungie Says That Its Systems Are Not Responsible For Character Deletion Issues (January 21, 2023)
  150. Twitter - @BungieHelp (January 18, 2023)
  151. Kotaku - Game Devs And Stadia Employees Alike Were Blindsided By The Sudden Shutdown (September 30, 2022)
  152. Bungie.net - Stadia shutting down. What happens to my guardians created on Stadia (September 29, 2022)
  153. Bungie.net - Save Your Stadia Characters
  154. engadget - Bungie offers displaced Stadia 'Destiny 2' players a free month of GeForce Now (January 20, 2023)
  155. Bungie.net - Lightfall and the Year Ahead (February 13, 2023)
  156. Game Rant - Bungie Closes Destiny 2 YouTube Comments Following Harassment (March 17, 2023)
  157. Twitter - Will always shut interaction down if anyone personally attacks anyone on the team re: their work or who they are. Zero tolerance. (March 16, 2023)
  158. YouTube - PlayStation Showcase 2023 (May 24, 2023)
  159. IGN - PlayStation Showcase 2023: Everything Announced (May 24, 2023)
  160. PlayStation - PlayStation Showcase recap: everything announced at today’s show (May 24, 2023)
  161. YouTube - Marathon | Official Announce Trailer
  162. YouTube - Destiny 2: The Final Shape | Teaser Trailer
  163. YouTube - What is Marathon? | Somewhere In The Heavens - ViDoc
  164. Bungie.net - Bungie Unveils PlayStation Showcase Surprises (May 24, 2023)
  165. Bungie.net - Welcome to Pride at Bungie (June 14, 2023)
  166. Bungie.net - State of the Game: August 2023 (August 3, 2023)
  167. Forbes - ‘Destiny 2’ Players Are Furious About Bungie’s New ‘State Of The Game’ Post (August 4, 2023)
  168. Destructoid - Bungie's recent Destiny 2 state of the game is one of its most disastrous (August 7, 2023)
  169. GamesRadar - Destiny 2's big State of the Game blog is a bitter pill despite huge quality-of-life wins (August 3, 2023)
  170. Bungie.net - An Update from Destiny 2 Game Director Joe Blackburn (August 16, 2023)
  171. Bungie.net - Thank You, Commander: The Future of Zavala's Journey (August 10, 2023)
  172. Bungie.net - Introducing Lation @ Bungie (October 2, 2023)
  173. 173.0 173.1 Bloomberg - Sony’s Bungie Game Unit Cut 8% of Staff After ‘Destiny’ Play Wilted (October 31, 2023)
  174. IGN - Bungie CEO Claims Layoffs Were Due to Destiny 2 Underperformance (October 31, 2023)
  175. X - Pete Parsons: Today is a sad day... (October 30, 2023)
  176. Bungie - Our Path Forward (November 2, 2023)
  177. Bungie - The Final Shape Release Update (November 27, 2023)
  178. FandomWire - New Bungie Information Drops Including Burnt Out Developers, a Cancelled Game and Behind-the-scenes Mayhem (November 3, 2023)
  179. Reddit - New Bungie info from Aztecross: Matter cancelled in 2020, Marathon had first playable build in 2020 and was always an extraction shooter, and more (November 1, 2023)
  180. Twitter (archived) - @Aztecross "3.) Matter was canned in December 2020."
  181. IGN - Bungie Replaces Marathon Director Amid Leadership Shakeup, Fears of Layoffs (March 21, 2024)
  182. Bungie (archived) - Careers: Payroll Manager (January 21, 2024)
  183. 183.0 183.1 Forbes - Has Destiny 2’s Bungie Actually Expanded To 1,400 Employees? (January 21, 2024)
  184. Hardcore Gamer - Bungie Has over 1,400 Employees According to Job Listing (January 21, 2024)
  185. The Game Post - Bungie Reveals It Has 1,350 Employees Post-Layoffs, Is Getting Help From Sony PlayStation in Development [UPDATE] (Last updated January 27, 2024)
  186. Twitter - Joe Blackburn announces departure (January 30, 2024)
  187. Bungie.net - This Week in Destiny (February 1, 2024)
  188. Twitter - @Ziegler_Dev Hey everyone! Fun update: for the last 9Months I’ve been working on Marathon as the game director. (March 19, 2024)
  189. IGN - Bungie Replaces Marathon Director Amid Leadership Shakeup, Fears of Layoffs (March 19, 2024)
  190. Twitter - @PaulTassi He left in April (July 6, 2024)
  191. Bungie.net - Destiny 2: Into the Light and The Final Shape Gameplay Preview Recap (April 9, 2024)